New PDF release: An Architectonic for Science: The Structuralist Program

By Wolfgang Balzer;C.U. Moulines;J.D. Sneed

ISBN-10: 9400937652

ISBN-13: 9789400937659

ISBN-10: 940108176X

ISBN-13: 9789401081764

This e-book has grown out of 8 years of shut collaboration between its authors. From the very starting we determined that its content material may still pop out because the results of a really universal attempt. that's, we didn't "distribute" elements of the textual content deliberate to every one among us. to the contrary, we made some extent that every unmarried paragraph be the manufactured from a standard mirrored image. real team-work isn't really as traditional in philosophy because it is in different educational disciplines. we predict, in spite of the fact that, that this is often extra as a result of idiosyncrasy of philosophers than to the character in their topic. shut collaboration with optimistic effects is as worthwhile as whatever should be, however it can also end up to be fairly tough to enforce. In our case, a part of the problems got here from merely geographic separation. This brought on unsuspected delays in coordinating the paintings. yet greater than this, as time handed, the buildup of specific effects and concepts outran our skill to slot them into an natural harmony. diverse sorts of exposition, alternative ways of formalization, diverse degrees of complexity have been at the same time found in a voluminous manuscript that had develop into thoroughly unmanageable. particularly, a component to the textual content have been conceived within the language of type concept and hired principles of a slightly summary nature, whereas one other half was once expounded within the extra traditional set-theoretic sort, stressing intui­ tivity and concreteness.

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Extra resources for An Architectonic for Science: The Structuralist Program

Example text

Here, the model is the person depicted and the painting is the picture of it. The logician'S and our use of "model" is consistent with this artistic usage. MODELS AND STRUCTURES 3 Models are, therefore, those "things" depicted by a theory. A theory normally has many different models. By being all models of the same theory, they have something in common. Roughly speaking, what they have in common is that they all share the same structure. But this is still too general a characterization. By "sharing the same structure" we mean essentially two different things at the same time: That they can be all subsumed under the same "conceptual framework" and that they all satisfy the same "laws".

That is, Po(3 X 2) "applied to" sets D 1, ... , Dk (k ~ 3) yields PO(D3 X D 2). In general we only have to say what an "admissible form" is. Such forms we shall call k-types, k indicating the number of (base) sets to which the form is to be applied. The general definition of k-types is by induction; more complicated k-types are constructed step by step from simpler ones. Each k-type a can be imagined as a rule for constructing a distinguished set of "type" a from k given arbitrary sets D 1, ••• , D k • For any k-type a we write a(D 1, ...

Roughly, the distinction between actual and potential models is parallel to the distinction between lawlike and non-lawlike axiomatic statements. It is well-known that traditional philosophy of science did not succeed, despite years of hard work, in arriving at a systematic explication of this latter distinction. Our approach appears to afford some insight into this distinction which has eluded the more traditional linguistically oriented approaches. 6 CHAPTER ONE To see this, let us consider how the common structure of all extensive structures has been determined in M(EXT) above.

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An Architectonic for Science: The Structuralist Program by Wolfgang Balzer;C.U. Moulines;J.D. Sneed


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