By By (author) Kingshuk Chatterjee
This ebook tells the tale of the way Shari'ati built a language of political Islam, conversing in an idiom intelligible to the Iranian public and subverting the Shah's regime and its declare to legitimacy.
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Additional info for ‘Ali Shari’ati and the Shaping of Political Islam in Iran
Addressing the most pressing concerns in contemporary Iran, the Pahlavis had successfully appropriated the political category of the people and harnessed it to the state. Drastic and frequently unpopular reforms were undertaken in the name of the mellat. Thus, although Reza Shah took the constitution for a ride, systematically rigged Majlis elections, and used the Majlis like a rubber stamp for his personal authority, he refrained from dissolving it altogether—all the popular and unpopular reforms alike of 34 ‘ALI SHARI’ATI AND POLITICAL ISLAM IN IRAN the Reza Shah era were ratified by the Majlis, the one organization that represented, theoretically, the whole nation.
INTRODUCTION 17 audience oriented toward Islam, this could quite eminently have been the case. However, given the differences in terms of tone and content between the addresses of Shari’ati and most of his contemporaries, a literal reading cannot account for the uniqueness of Shari’ati’s addresses. So should one instead look for the intention behind what Shari’ati had to say? Should we recover the act behind the speech, the “illocutionary force” of his addresses, as John L. 41 Thus, if Shari’ati praises the martyrdom of Imam Hossein at Karbala as an example for all Muslims, do we read this simply as a recounting of the valor of Imam Hossein?
Of the 326 regular and irregular, national and regional newspapers and journals published in Iran that are listed with the Library of Congress for the period, 38 carry the term Iran or Irani, 17 carry mellat, and 13 carry mardom (people). In fact, the most significant feature of Iranian politics in the Pahlavi era was that political allegiance was neither sought for, nor given to, the person of the reigning monarch or the institution of monarchy. ” Addressing the most pressing concerns in contemporary Iran, the Pahlavis had successfully appropriated the political category of the people and harnessed it to the state.
‘Ali Shari’ati and the Shaping of Political Islam in Iran by By (author) Kingshuk Chatterjee