By Kym Anderson
This ebook explores the opportunity of coverage reform as a temporary, inexpensive option to sustainably improve worldwide meals defense. It argues that reforming guidelines that distort nutrients costs and alternate will advertise the openness had to maximize worldwide meals availability and decrease fluctuations in overseas nutrition costs. starting with an exam of ancient tendencies in markets and guidelines, Anderson assesses the customers for additional reforms, and tasks how they could advance over the subsequent fifteen years. He will pay specific awareness to family coverage adjustments made attainable through the data know-how revolution, so that it will supplement worldwide swap to deal at once with farmer and client issues.
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Extra resources for Agricultural Trade, Policy Reforms, and Global Food Security
A number of key messages can be drawn from those model results. First, they suggest the reforms over the two decades to 2004 brought the world a remarkable three-fifths of the way toward free trade when measured in terms of global economic welfare. Since much of that reform involved reducing anti-agricultural policies in developing countries, it is not surprising that it benefitted developing countries proportionately more than it did high-income countries. Part of that reform also involved a reduction in farm price supports in high-income countries.
POLICY IMPLICATIONS AND PROSPECTS FOR BOOSTING GLOBAL FOOD SECURITY Chapter 12 reiterates that open markets maximize the benefit that international trade can offer to boost global food security and ensure the world’s agricultural resources are used sustainably. The decline in costs of trading internationally reinforces that message, as does climate change. If global warming and extreme-weather events are to become more damaging to food production, then there is all the more reason to be open to international food markets and allow trade to buffer seasonal fluctuations in domestic production.
Concerns that products containing genetically modified organisms (GMOs) may be unsafe as food or animal feed, or that GMO seed plantings may have adverse effects on the natural environment or contaminate fields of nonGMO crops, have led some countries to procrastinate on approving their 12 K. ANDERSON production or use. Those policies have persisted in spite of the fact that there is no evidence that GM crops have greater adverse impacts on health or the environment than non-GM crops. On the contrary, GM crop varieties are reducing the need for agrochemicals that harm the environment and farmer health.
Agricultural Trade, Policy Reforms, and Global Food Security by Kym Anderson