By Gene M. Heyman
Publish yr note: First released may well fifteenth 2009
Pages note: PDF is 213, pagination is 200
In a e-book absolute to encourage controversy, Gene Heyman argues that traditional knowledge approximately addiction--that it's a illness, a compulsion past wide awake control--is wrong.
Drawing on psychiatric epidemiology, addicts' autobiographies, remedy stories, and advances in behavioral economics, Heyman makes a strong case that habit is voluntary. He exhibits that drug use, like every offerings, is motivated through personal tastes and objectives. yet simply as there are winning dieters, there are winning ex-addicts. in truth, habit is the psychiatric disease with the top price of restoration. yet what ends an addiction?
At the center of Heyman's research is a startling view of selection and motivation that applies to all offerings, not only the alternative to take advantage of medicinal drugs. The stipulations that advertise quitting a drug habit comprise new info, cultural values, and, after all, the prices and advantages of extra drug use. such a lot folks keep away from changing into drug established, now not simply because we're in particular rational, yet simply because we detest the assumption of being an addict.
Heyman's research of well-established yet often missed learn ends up in unforeseen insights into how we make choices--from weight problems to McMansionization--all rooted in our deep-seated tendency to eat an excessive amount of of no matter what we adore most sensible. As wealth raises and expertise advances, the hindrance posed via addictive medicines spreads to new items. even if, this notable and radical publication issues to an answer. If drug addicts often beat habit, then non-addicts can learn how to regulate their typical tendency to take an excessive amount of.
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Extra resources for Addiction: A Disorder of Choice
Did the discovery of opiates lead, lockstep, to a new phenomenon, opiate addiction? This question is a speciﬁc instance of a more general issue: What are the necessary and sufﬁcient conditions for addiction? Exposure to even the most addictive drugs does not necessarily lead to addiction, but it is not clear what other factors play a role. , 1995). As we will see, though, there are well-established published research reports that suggest a somewhat different picture. 20 2 THE FIRST DRUG EPIDEMIC M ost people who use addictive drugs do not become addicted to them.
Chapter 5 addresses the question of whether addiction’s biological basis, which is well established, implies that it is a disease. It is widely held that a genetic predisposition for addiction and drug-induced neural adaptations make addiction a disease. Is this a sensible interpretation of these relationships? Chapter 6 addresses a general question that pertains to addiction as well as other forms of voluntary yet self-destructive action. How is it possible for individuals to pursue ends that are on balance self-defeating?
1995). They determined the likelihood that illicit drug use led to addiction as a function of age for four different cohorts, spanning the period 1940 to 1990. The basic ﬁnding was that cohorts born after World War II had much higher addiction rates at all ages. For example, a drug user who was 20 in 1990 (Generation X, b. 1970) was about eight times more likely to become addicted than a drug user who was 20 in 1960 (pre“Youth Culture,” pre-“Baby Boomer,” b. 1940). The major cultural difference that is directly relevant to drugs for the pre– and post–World War II cohorts is the advent of “Youth Culture” in the 1960s.
Addiction: A Disorder of Choice by Gene M. Heyman