A Critique of Nicotine Addiction (Neurobiological Foundation - download pdf or read online

By Hanan Frenk

ISBN-10: 0306472325

ISBN-13: 9780306472329

ISBN-10: 0792372255

ISBN-13: 9780792372257

Nicotine is nearly universally believed to be the main issue that motivates smoking and impedes cessation. professionals resembling the physician basic of america and the Royal collage of Physicians within the united kingdom have declared that nicotine is as addictive as heroin and cocaine. This ebook is a critique of the nicotine habit speculation, according to a severe assessment of the study literature that purports to turn out that nicotine is as addictive drug. The assessment relies on a re-evaluation of greater than seven hundred articles and books in this topic, together with animal and human experimental reports, results of `nicotine alternative therapies', and plenty of different appropriate resources. This overview concludes that on current facts, there's each cause to reject the widely authorised idea that nicotine has a tremendous function in cigarette smoking. A serious exam of the standards for drug habit demonstrates that none of those standards is met by means of nicotine, and that it's more likely that nicotine actually limits particularly than allows smoking.

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Additional info for A Critique of Nicotine Addiction (Neurobiological Foundation of Aberrant Behaviors)

Example text

Initially conceived for alcohol (Alcoholics Anonymous, or AA) and later for narcotic addiction (NA), they now include not only Marijuana Anonymous and Cocaine Anonymous, but also Gamblers Anonymous, Overeaters Anonymous, Sexaholics Anonymous, Workaholics Anonymous, and even Debtors Anonymous (for people who have a compulsion to incur unsecured debts). In summary, the new behavioral definitions of addictions describe a behavioral pattern, not properties of drugs. The patterns they describe, including craving, withdrawal symptoms and relapse, are indistinguishable from those that characterize compulsive habits.

Some medications on which the user is dependent in the strongest sense of the word – without it he or she might die – are not known to have significant psychoactive effects. Insulin preserves the life of people with diabetes mellitus, and alpha-blockers reduce high blood pressure. Is there doubt that people who use these medications are at least as drug-dependent – scientifically if not morally – as are cigarette smokers? Finally, the Surgeon General does not specify that the psychoactive effects are the reason for which the drug is taken.

Some medications on which the user is dependent in the strongest sense of the word – without it he or she might die – are not known to have significant psychoactive effects. Insulin preserves the life of people with diabetes mellitus, and alpha-blockers reduce high blood pressure. Is there doubt that people who use these medications are at least as drug-dependent – scientifically if not morally – as are cigarette smokers? Finally, the Surgeon General does not specify that the psychoactive effects are the reason for which the drug is taken.

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A Critique of Nicotine Addiction (Neurobiological Foundation of Aberrant Behaviors) by Hanan Frenk


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