Download PDF by Roger Crowley: 1453: The Holy War for Constantinople and the Clash of Islam

By Roger Crowley

ISBN-10: 1401308503

ISBN-13: 9781401308506

A gripping exploration of the autumn of Constantinople and its connection to the area we are living in today.

The fall of Constantinople in 1453 signaled a shift in historical past and the top of the Byzantium Empire. Roger Crowley's readable and accomplished account of the conflict among Mehmet II, sultan of the Ottoman Empire, and Constantine XI, the 57th emperor of Byzantium, illuminates the interval in heritage that was once a precursor to the present clash among the West and the center East.

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Extra resources for 1453: The Holy War for Constantinople and the Clash of Islam and the West

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Tou Romiou @ Petra Legend claims that Aphrodite, Greek goddess of love and beauty, was born from the sea-foam on this pebbly bay, which is dominated by rugged limestone crags rising from the sea. Other myths say these boulders were hurled at the ships of Saracen corsairs by Digenis Akritas, the paladin of the Byzantine frontier. d Map B6 Waterfall # Caledonia A shady refuge from the summer heat, the 11-m (36-ft) waterfall, plunging into a thickly wooded gully, is named after the swallows (chelidonia) which swoop around the falls and pool in summer (see p98).

Cypriot musicians Music ( Traditional Cypriot music uses instruments unchanged since Byzantine times, such as the long-necked lute (laouto) and reed pipe (avlos) used by the Greeks and the Turkish shortnecked lute (ut), finger-cymbals (kasat) and Turkish oboe (zorna). Towns ) Every Cypriot town has been reincarnated over almost 3,000 years, with new conquerors rebuilding on old foundations. Look for ancient marble and granite column drums and carved capitals built into the walls of medieval castles or supporting the domes of mosques.

With several sunny tavernas and cafés to choose from, it’s a good place to pause for refreshment, particularly after visiting the nearby Neolithic settlement at Chirokitia or the Agios Minas Monastery, both of which are nearby (see p74). Vavla 38 # Kalavassos This lively village, with great views of the mountains, is centred around a lavishly decorated church. Kalavassos is also an ideal base for exploring the Stone Age tombs at nearby Tenta (see p31), and for walks, cycle rides and horse riding in the surrounding countryside (see p74).

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1453: The Holy War for Constantinople and the Clash of Islam and the West by Roger Crowley

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